By S. Betzelt, S. Bothfeld
This e-book analyzes in what approach activation rules influence on given styles of social citizenship that predominate in nationwide contexts. It argues that the liberal paradigm of activation brought into labour marketplace regulations in all Western ecu states demanding situations the explicit styles of social citizenship in every one kingdom.
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Extra resources for Activation and Labour Market Reforms in Europe: Challenges to Social Citizenship
It denotes a mental and psychological status, in which an individual feels secure and respected and is able – despite possible vulnerabilities – to develop self-esteem and independent ideas about her life plans and perspectives. Afﬁliation does not necessarily require that the individual is active but that she, having developed a unique identity, should feel self-esteem and self-awareness, which both represent undeniable preconditions for equitable agency. Social tolerance towards diverse identities and lifestyles is an important precondition for individuals to develop self-esteem and self-awareness.
It is not only in terms of legitimacy, but in terms of efﬁciency that the state ought to be interested in taking account of citizens’ needs and expectations. The necessity to adjust social policy formulation and implementation to people’s changed needs and expectations and proceed in a reﬂexive manner has been formulated explicitly (Valkenburg and Lind, 2002, p. 190). While commitment and participation play a role at different levels of society, with regard to our topic of activation policies, it is mainly the transparency of rules and the interaction with the frontline staff on the street level that are at stake.
This implies the insight, linking up to T. H. Marshall’s basic idea, that state intervention, especially in the social realm, would express some normative idea about how social structures and practices should be shaped. As such, social citizenship research emphasizes the regulatory aspects of how citizens’ practices (including social behaviour but also attitudes and self-perception) are affected by public intervention and it addresses not only the substance of welfare state intervention (a speciﬁc pattern of equality or justice) but also with the modes and mechanisms of social interaction.
Activation and Labour Market Reforms in Europe: Challenges to Social Citizenship by S. Betzelt, S. Bothfeld